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Government Of Assam Urban Development

Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban)
Components of Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban)

Solid Waste Management

Solid Waste Management

Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSWM) refers to a systematic process that comprises of waste segregation and storage at source, primary collection, secondary storage, transportation, secondary segregation, resource recovery, processing, treatment, and final disposal of solid waste. The Manual on Municipal Solid Waste Management, 2016 published by MoUD and revised from time-to-time, may be referenced for DPR formulation and implementation.

ULBs are to prepare DPR for Solid waste management of their city in consultation with state governments. Smaller cities can form clusters to become viable entities to attract private investment. 100% Cost reimbursement for preparing the DPR shall be done by GoI as per unit cost and norms set up by NARC.

State governments may handhold ULB’s in quickly preparing DPR’s for SWM by empanelling/ shortlisting/identifying private or government agencies for the same.

The DPRs should be bankable, having a viable financial model. These will be prepared emanating from the needs identified in the City Sanitation Plan. DPRs should be aligned with Govt. of India’s goals outlined in the NUSP 2008, SWM 2016 rules, advisories, CPHEEO manuals (including costrecovery mechanisms), O&M practices and Service-level Benchmark advisories released by M/o UD from time to time. Street Sweeping, litter control interventions, and dumpsite remediations will be part of DPR which is essential for a clean city.

In order to promote projects of waste to energy, it is clarified that the central government Grant / VGF may also be used for such projects, either upfront or as generation based incentive for power generated for a given period of time.

The State High Powered Committee (HPC) will authorize institutes of national repute for appraisal of DPRs for the technical and economic appraisal of DPRs for projects recommended by ULBs. No appraisal will be done by MoUD. The cost of DPR appraisal by these institutes shall be an admissible component under administrative costs, subject to norms as approved by MoUD.

The performance and quality of appraisal by these identified and authorized institutes will be evaluated and monitored by HPEC as well as NARC and corrective actions taken wherever necessary.

The State Level high power committee will approve the DPR as well as the financial model of solid waste management.

The implementation of SWM projects will be as per directions of State Level High Power Committee.

Central government incentive for the SWM projects will be in the form of a maximum of 35% Grant/VGF for each project. The remaining funds have to be generated as indicated in the Mission Strategy in SBM Guideline.

  • While considering projects under MSWM it will be ensured that there is no duplication in terms of funding under any other scheme or programme.
  • Detailed technical and financial appraisal of the DPRs will be carried out in the manner prescribed in Guideline. O&M arrangements for the project shall necessarily be an integral part of the project in the DPR.
  • SWM projects will be sanctioned by the State level HPC which shall include a representative of the MoUD. In the entire project approval and procurement process, all provisions and procedures as prescribed by respective State Governments must be followed in their entirety. The entire approval procedure for MSW projects except for release of Central funds will end at the State Level.
  • The States shall be free to choose the technology for SWM projects, toilets and street sweeping. The Ministry of Urban Development shall, from time to time, bring to the notice of the States, through advisories and manuals, and other consultative mechanisms, various options available in these fields.
  • States will contribute a minimum of 25% funds for SWM projects to match 75% Central Share (10% in the case of North East States and special category states).
  • ULBs are advised to use the GeM (government e-market place) portal as a one stop shop for formally procuring all waste management equipments, Additionally, ULBs are advised to procure decentralised composting machines directly from the National Seeds Corporation of India, a Government of India PSU.
  • ULBs are advised to distribute color coded bins 2 bins per household), such that waste is segregated at source itself. The recommended colors are Green Bin for Wet Waste (ex: biodegradables), Blue Bin for non-biodegradable and other kinds of waste. Extra care must be taken for disposal of hazardous waste such as batteries, medical waste, etc.