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Government Of Assam Urban Development

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Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban)
Components of Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban)

Household Toilets

Household Toilets

Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) aims to ensure that-

  • No households engage in the practice of open defecation.
  • No new insanitary toilets are constructed during the mission period, and
  • Pit latrines are converted to sanitary latrines.

The Target Group for construction of household units of Toilets, thus, is:

  • 80% of urban households engaging in open defecation.
  • All households with insanitary latrines.
  • All households with single-pit latrines,

Household toilets constructed under SBM (Urban) will have two main structures – the toilet superstructure (including the pan and water closet), and the substructure (either an on-site treatment system, or a connection to existing underground sewerage system).

ULBs should ensure that all household toilets being constructed under SBM are built in tandem with water supply arrangements in ULBs. Beneficiary households will be responsible for the operation and maintenance of the household toilets.

For this component, beneficiary shall mean any household that does not have access to an individual household toilet or has an insanitary toilet (dry / bahou and single pit latrine). No other criteria is to be applied.

Selection of Beneficiary Household shall be as per the strategy adopted by ULB under the guidance of state government. However, the following guiding principles may be followed:

  1. Initially, a campaign to create awareness may motivate beneficiaries to come forward on their own. This should be taken at the ULB level and followed up by accepting a simple application and undertaking, to be verified within 7 days and approved at ULB level.
  2. ULBs are expected to carry out a houseto-house survey. In so doing they shall also take into consideration Census 2011 data or any recent survey available to them. This baseline data shall be put in public domain by 15.02.2015.
  3. Any claims and objections received shall be addressed in a transparent manner and continuous modifications can made in the baseline data.
  4. Based on this house to house survey, all households practicing open defecation shall be identified and ULB’s need to approve eitherv a Household toilet or plan for community toilets for each of such identified household/group of household.

Beneficiary households will be targeted under this scheme irrespective of whether they live in authorized/unauthorized colonies or notified / non-notified slums. Under SBM (Urban), tenure security issues are to be de-linked with benefits.

Central government incentive for the construction of household toilets will be Rs. 4,000 per household toilet for each identified beneficiary household. 50% of the Central Government incentive (Rs. 2,000/-) will be released to the identified beneficiary household by the ULB as 1st instalment on approval by the ULB along with share of the state government. There is no bar on releasing any extra funds at any stage using additional resources generated/provided by state government/ ULB. 

The ULB shall verify each application before releasing any incentive. Verification of the application should be completed within 7 working days of its submission of application by the beneficiary.

The remaining 50% of Central Government incentive as 2nd instalment should be released to the identified beneficiary household along with the State Government’s incentives upon verification of physical progress of construction of the household toilet. The actual process of verification will be as per the directions of the respective State Government.

Final Verification of the construction of the household toilet should be supported by location-based technologies, wherein self-attested geo-tagged photographs of the construction, along with the applicant are taken out. These photographs must be uploaded to the SBM (Urban) MIS and be monitored by the ULBs and the States.

All financial incentives (government and /or private) for this component will be deposited directly (by electronic clearing service) into the bank accounts of the beneficiary households (including accounts opened under the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana). No cash/cheque disbursals shall take place. The ULBs should ensure that financial incentives to beneficiary households are transferred in a timely and hassle-free manner. The State government should evolve standard norms for this throughout the state and ensure the monitoring of its implementation.